||A term used to describe a point directly underneath an object or body.
||A cloud of dust and gas in space, usually illuminated by one or more stars. Nebulae represent the raw material the stars are made of.
||A fundamental particle produced by the nuclear reactions in stars. Neutrinos are very hard to detect because the vast majority of them pass completely through the Earth without interacting.
||A compressed core of an exploded star made up almost entirely of neutrons. Neutron stars have a strong gravitational field and some emit pulses of energy along their axis. These are known as pulsars.
|Newton's First Law of Motion
||A body continues in its state of constant velocity (which may be zero) unless it is acted upon by an external force.
|Newton's Second Law of Motion
||For an unbalanced force acting on a body, the acceleration produced is proportional to the force impressed; the constant of proportionality is the inertial mass of the body.
|Newton's Third Law of Motion
||In a system where no external forces are present, every action force is always opposed by an equal and opposite reaction.
||A star that flares up to several times its original brightness for some time before returning to its original state.
||The nuclear process whereby several small nuclei are combined to make a larger one whose mass is slightly smaller than the sum of the small ones. Nuclear fusion is the reaction that fuels the Sun, where hydrogen nuclei are fused to form helium.